The term extract originated from the process of “extracting” a material in order to create a new substance. In perfumery, an extract refers to the broad term for any concentrated fragrance material that is obtained from a natural plant, flower or fruit source. Extracts are often used in perfume development to add depth and complexity to a fragrance, and can be used to create natural, floral, or fruity accords.
There are several types of extracts used, including essential oils, absolutes, and concretes. Essential oils are concentrated plant extracts that contain the natural, aromatic compounds found in a plant. They are typically obtained through distillation or expression and are used to add fragrance to perfumes, soaps, and other personal care products. Absolutes are similar to essential oils, but they are obtained through a more complex process that involves the use of solvents to extract the aromatic compounds from the raw material. Concretes are thick, waxy substances that are made by extracting the fragrant compounds from a plant using solvents and then removing the solvent through a process called enfleurage. The extraction method chosen will depend on the type of material being extracted and the desired end product.
In addition to natural extracts, perfumers also use synthetic extracts, which are created by synthesizing the aromatic compounds in a laboratory. These extracts can be used to replicate the scent of natural materials or to create entirely new fragrances. The synthetic process allows for consistency in production as well as a more sustainable approach.
Some common extracts used in perfumery include fruit zest extracts, sandalwood essential oil, rose absolute, jasmine absolute, and vanilla extract. The choice of extracts will depend on the desired fragrance and the particular properties of the extract, such as its volatility and tenacity. The PHLUR perfumes include natural and safe synthetic extracts that encompass a wide range of aromas, including floral, woody, spicy, and citrus scents. We custom blend the essential oils, absolutes, concretes, carrier oils, and other aromatic compounds, to create a finished perfume oil.